Currently Writing…

Condemned: How American Justice was Built on the Punishment of Black Children

Previous Publications

Beyond the Boundaries of Childhood: African American Children in the Antebellum North (UNC Press, June 2021)

“Hanging Pretty Girls”: The Criminalization of African American Children in Early America

“Transfiguring the Soul of Childhood”: Du Bois’s Private Vision and Public Activism for Black Children

“Black Girlhood as an Analytical Frame for Doing History,” essay in edited collection Global History of Black Girlhood, ed. LaKisha Simmons and Corinne Field

“Bringing Depth to the Movement: Georgia McMurray and the Multi-Dimensionality of Black Women’s Activism,” chapter in edited collection “It’s Our Movement Now”: Black Women’s Politics and the 1977 National Women’s Conference

In Pursuit of Autonomous Motherhood: Nineteenth-Century Black Motherhood in the U.S. North

Blog at